Cornwall Conservation Commission

"Conservation is a state of harmony between the people and the land."
Aldo Leopold


The Cornwall Conservation Commission is authorized by the State of Vermont to carry out the following duties (see 24 V.S.A. Section 4325), among others:

  • make an inventory and conduct continuing studies of the natural resources of the municipality
  • make and maintain an inventory of lands within the municipality which have historic, educational, cultural, scientific, architectural, or archaeological values in which the public has an interest;
  • recommend to the legislative body of the municipality the purchase or the receipt of gifts of land or rights thereto, or other property, for the purposes of this chapter;
  • receive money, grants or private gifts from any source, for the purposes of this chapter. Grants and gifts received by the trustee of public funds shall be carried in a conservation fund from year to year to be expended only for purposes of this chapter;
  • assist the local planning commission or zoning board of adjustment or the district environmental commission, by providing advisory environmental evaluations where pertinent to applications made to those bodies, for permits for development;
  • cooperate with the local legislative body, planning commission, zoning board of adjustment, road committee or other municipal or private organizations on matters affecting the local environment or the natural resources of the municipality;
  • prepare, collect, publish, advertise and distribute relevant books, maps and other documents and maintain communication with similar organizations; and encourage through educational activities the public understanding of local natural resources and conservation needs Commission members encourage residents to contact them with questions, ideas, proposals, or any matters related to natural resources.


Maintain buffers from sensitive features. While current Cornwall zoning regulations require a vegetative setback from the top of a bank of 25 feet for seasonal streams and brooks and 50 feet for brooks and streams that flow year-around, ideally the clearing of land or building should not occur close to sensitive habitats like rivers, ponds, streams and wetlands. Keeping trees, shrubs and grasses along the banks helps prevents erosion, provides important wildlife habitat and safer, more secure corridors along which animals can travel. Consider a buffer of at least 100’. 300’ would be even better.

Prevent forest fragmentation. New driveways, homes and logging roads break up an existing forest into smaller pieces. This disrupts natural wildlife corridors and creates more “edge” into which invasive species and pests can spread. As a result, new house will have a wildlife impact of 15-30 acres into the surrounding forest!  If you are considering building a new home, locating it at the forest edge and/or near existing infrastructure will reduce forest fragmentation.

Use native plants around your house. In contrast to exotic species, native plants are part of cooperative communities of plants, animals and insects that rely on one another for survival and to compete against invasive species. Create a pollinator garden and/or enhance wet areas with native plants.

Find and remove invasive species. Wild parsnip, buckthorn, purple loosestrife, multiflora rose, and shrub honeysuckle can quickly dominate an open area and threaten species that depend on native plants. Keep invasives from spreading or remove them entirely.

Understand wildlife habitat needs. The impacts on wildlife from development can extend away from the house, up to 600 feet. This is due to factors like noise, nighttime lighting, use of pesticides, pets running free, and physical changes to the forest. Often wildlife still live nearby, but the species tend to be different, favoring generalist species that use a wide range of resource food and shelter.

Enroll your forest in Vermont’s Use Value Appraisal (Current Use). Eligible private lands of at least 25 acres with long-term forest or conservation management plans can enroll and reduce landowner taxes. Per acre taxation will be based on the use value rate, which is substantially lower than its residential or commercial development value.



Conserving Natural Resources

“Make Room for Wildlife: A Resource for Landowners in the Northern Forest”

Native Plants Lists

Vermont Conservation Design

This mapping resource was created by the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources to depict Vermont’s network of connected network of lands and waters most important for maintaining ecological function.  It can be used to better understand how the ecological features of a single location fit into the greater landscape.

Vermont Conservation Design - Summary Report - February 2018

 Landowner Resources

Groups Supporting Conservation

Other Resources